Calories have come to be part of our daily life. It is the amount ofenergy that is contained in food. The major components that provide energy or calories are mostly protein, fat, carbohydrate and alcohol. There are approximately 9 calories per gram of fat, 7 in alcohol, 4 calories per gram of protein and 4 calories per gram of carbohydrate.

Calories or food energy are very critical for the maintenance of good health both in the short and long term. This is because the body makes use of energy to power every physical activities and biochemical processes, including brain functionality, proper functioning of other organs in the body such as kidney, eyes and musculoskeletal function. This is why disease conditions that affect the body in general and organs in particular,manifest the inefficient use of energy by the ailing organs and the body. It follows therefore that optimal calorie intake for the body would go a long way in promoting good health.

Appetite is a good indication of health status and is an important link between calorie intake and weight management. This is why some medical procedures for weight management include injection of hormones that control appetite. Proper weight management depends on efficient use of energy by the body and this is in turn affected by the types and amount of calorie consumption by an individual.

Therefore, being informed about your calorie consumption is not only a part of being health conscious, it is also a proper way of promoting sustained healthy lifestyles.

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