We cannot live without that extraordinary and complex protein fluid coursing through our bodies known as the Blood. The Human blood is a fluid that circulates through the heart, arteries, capillaries and veins and it’s the chief means of transport within the body. The blood transports nutritive substance, anti-bodies, oxygen and hormones to the cells, to keep them alive and functioning.
The Blood circulatory system delivers nutrients and oxygen to all cells in the body including the brain. The distribution of nutrients and oxygen to the brain is done through the blood vessels (arteries) that supply the brain cells with oxygen- rich blood to keep the brain working properly.
Brain damage occurs when the brain cells are deprived of oxygen-rich blood. This obstruction is often as a result of fatty deposits lining the blood vessels leading to blood clots. Blood clots may sound so harmless but they are not and when they are formed in the heart, dislodged and carried to the brain, the condition can lead to stroke.
Now, stroke is not a condition you would wish for your worst enemy.
It is a brain injury likely caused by a blood clot interrupting blood flow in the brain that gradually leads to progressive brain damage. If detected at the early stage, it can be corrected or averted.
However, for every minute a stroke goes untreated and blood flow to the brain continues to be blocked, the person loses about 1.9million neurons (cell nerve). What this means is that the person’s speech, movement, and so much more are affected. About 80% of strokes are due to a blood clot (Ischemic stroke) and the rest are due to bleeding or rupture of the blood vessel in the brain (Hemorrhagic stroke).
The best way though is to prevent stroke. How?
- Maintain a low blood pressure.
- Get more exercise.
- Quit smoking, if you smoke.
- Lose weight. If you’re overweight, losing as little as 10 pounds can have a real impact on your stroke risk.
- Drink alcohol in moderation.
- Keep your blood sugar under control.
- Identify a stroke F-A-S-T.